In children with ADHD, stimulant therapy is more effective than behavioral therapy or regular community care (medication management by primary care provider). This finding has been borne out for the treatment of adults with ADHD as well.
Atomoxetine (Strattera®) has become a second-line—and in some cases, first-line—treatment in children and adults with ADHD because of its efficacy and classification as a nonstimulant. However, studies have reported that the overall effect of atomoxetine has not been as extensive as that reported for stimulants.
Behavioral psychotherapy is often effective when used in combination with an effective medication regimen. Behavioral therapy or modification programs can help diminish uncertain expectations and increase organization.
Metacognitive therapy in adults involves the principles and techniques of cognitive and behavioral therapies to enhance time management. In doing so, these have made adult patients with ADHD better able to counter the anxiety and depressive symptoms they experience in task performance.
For more on the treatment of ADHD, read here.
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Cite this: Glen L Xiong, Stephen Soreff. Fast Five Quiz: Do You Know the Signs, Symptoms, and Best Practices for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder? - Medscape - Sep 14, 2015.