According to the International Osteoporosis Foundation, calcium and vitamin D supplementation may lead to a modest reduction in fractures, but the evidence is most robust among individuals who are likely to be at greatest risk for calcium and/or vitamin D insufficiency. The use of calcium supplementation alone is not strongly supported.
There is inadequate evidence to show that calcium with vitamin D supplementation increases cardiovascular risk; some studies have shown the opposite or no cardiovascular effect at all.
Calcium supplements are associated with gastrointestinal side effects as well as a small increase in the risk for renal stones.
Learn more about diagnostic considerations of osteoporosis.
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Cite this: Herbert S. Diamond. Fast Five Quiz: Do You Know Best Practices for Osteoporosis? - Medscape - Nov 12, 2020.