Fast Five Quiz: How Much Do You Know About Hypertension?

Yasmine S. Ali, MD; Eric H. Yang, MD; David H. Adler, MD

Disclosures

February 09, 2016

The seventh report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC 7) identifies the following as major cardiovascular risk factors:

  • Hypertension: component of metabolic syndrome

  • Tobacco use, particularly cigarettes, including chewing tobacco

  • Elevated LDL cholesterol (or total cholesterol ≥ 240 mg/dL) or low HDL cholesterol: component of metabolic syndrome

  • Diabetes mellitus: component of metabolic syndrome

  • Obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2): component of metabolic syndrome

  • Age > 55 years for men or > 65 years for women: increased risk begins at the respective ages; the Adult Treatment Panel III used earlier age cutpoints to suggest the need for earlier action

  • Estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min per 1.73 m2

  • Microalbuminuria

  • Family history of premature cardiovascular disease (men < 55 years; women < 65 years)

  • Lack of exercise

For more on cardiovascular risk factors, read here.

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