Fast Five Quiz: How Much Do You Know About Hypertension?

Yasmine S. Ali, MD; Eric H. Yang, MD; David H. Adler, MD

Disclosures

February 09, 2016

The JNC 7 recommends the following screening tests for specific identifiable causes of hypertension:

  • Chronic kidney disease: Estimated glomerular filtration rate

  • Coarctation of the aorta: CT angiography

  • Cushing syndrome; other states of glucocorticoid excess (eg, chronic steroid therapy): Dexamethasone suppression test

  • Drug-induced/drug-related hypertension: Drug screening

  • Pheochromocytoma: 24-hour urinary metanephrine and normetanephrine

  • Primary aldosteronism, other states of mineralocorticoid excess: 24-hour urinary aldosterone level, specific mineralocorticoid tests

  • Renovascular hypertension: Doppler flow ultrasonography, magnetic resonance angiography, CT angiography

  • Sleep apnea: Sleep study with oxygen saturation (screening would also include the Epworth Sleepiness Scale [ESS])

  • Thyroid/parathyroid disease: Thyroid-stimulating hormone level, serum parathyroid hormone level

For more on hypertension screening, read here.

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