Fast Five Quiz: Check Your Knowledge of Prostate Cancer

Bradley Schwartz, DO

Disclosures

February 21, 2019

Most prostate cancers (95%) are adenocarcinomas. Approximately 4% of cases of prostate cancer have transitional cell morphology and are thought to arise from the urothelial lining of the prostatic urethra. The few cases that have neuroendocrine morphology are believed to arise from the neuroendocrine stem cells normally present in the prostate or from aberrant differentiation programs during cell transformation.

Squamous cell carcinomas constitute less than 1% of all prostate carcinomas. In many cases, prostate carcinomas with squamous differentiation arise after radiation or hormone treatment. Of prostate cancer cases, 70% arise in the peripheral zone, 15%-20% arise in the central zone, and 10%-15% arise in the transitional zone. Most prostate cancers are multifocal, with synchronous involvement of multiple zones of the prostate, which may be due to clonal and nonclonal tumors.

For more on the pathophysiology of prostate cancer, read here.

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