Fast Five Quiz: What Do You Know About Meningitis?

Michael Stuart Bronze, MD

Disclosures

August 09, 2016

Enteroviruses account for more than 85% of all cases of viral meningitis. They are part of the viral family Picornaviridae ("pico" for small, "rna" for ribonucleic acid) and include echoviruses, coxsackie viruses A and B, polioviruses, and the numbered enteroviruses. Nonpolio enteroviruses are common viruses; they are nearly as prevalent as rhinoviruses (which cause the common cold).

The overwhelming majority of meningitis cases are caused by serotypes of coxsackie virus and echovirus. Coxsackie virus B subgroups alone account for more than 60% of meningitis cases in children younger than age 3 months.

For more on the etiology of meningitis, read here.

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