Fast Five Quiz: Are You Familiar With Atrial Flutter?

Yasmine S. Ali, MD

Disclosures

February 02, 2017

Atrial flutter may be a sequela of open heart surgery. After cardiac surgery, atrial flutter may be reentrant as a result of natural barriers, atrial incisions, and scar. Some patients develop atypical left atrial flutter after pulmonary vein isolation for atrial fibrillation.

No clearly defined genetic conditions cause atrial flutter, but in many cases there is likely an underlying genetic susceptibility to acquiring it. Genome-wide association studies have identified genes associated with atrial flutter.

Rarely, mitral valve prolapse or acute myocardial infarction has been associated with atrial flutter. The following conditions are also associated with atrial flutter:

  • Hypoxia

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

  • Pulmonary embolism

  • Hyperthyroidism

  • Pheochromocytoma

  • Diabetes

  • Electrolyte imbalance

  • Alcohol consumption

  • Obesity

  • Digitalis toxicity

  • Myotonic dystrophy in childhood (rare)

For more on the etiology of atrial flutter, read here.

Comments

3090D553-9492-4563-8681-AD288FA52ACE
Comments on Medscape are moderated and should be professional in tone and on topic. You must declare any conflicts of interest related to your comments and responses. Please see our Commenting Guide for further information. We reserve the right to remove posts at our sole discretion.
Post as:

processing....