Fast Five Quiz: Can You Answer These Challenging Cardiology Questions?

Ali A. Sovari, MD; Yasmine S. Ali, MD; Shabir Bhimji, MD, PhD; Wai Hong Wilson Tang, MD


March 13, 2017

Malignant hypertension and accelerated hypertension are both hypertensive emergencies, with similar outcomes and therapies. Accelerated hypertension is defined as a recent significant increase over baseline blood pressure that is associated with target organ damage. This is usually seen as vascular damage during funduscopic examination (eg, flame-shaped hemorrhages, soft exudates) without papilledema. To diagnose malignant hypertension, papilledema (swelling of the optic disc) must be present.

For more on the diagnosis of hypertensive emergencies, read here.


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