Fast Five Quiz: Key Aspects of Endometriosis

Michel E. Rivlin, MD


October 23, 2017

The exact cause and pathogenesis of endometriosis are unclear. Leading theories include metaplastic conversion of coelomic epithelium and hematogenous or lymphatic dispersion of endometrial cells. A combination of various factors likely cause and determine the severity of this disease.

Risk factors for endometriosis include the following:

  • Family history of endometriosis

  • Early age of menarche

  • Short menstrual cycles (<27 days)

  • Long duration of menstrual flow (>7 days)

  • Heavy bleeding during menses

  • Inverse relationship to parity

  • Delayed childbearing

  • Defects in the uterus or fallopian tubes

  • Hypoxia and iron deficiency may contribute to the early onset of endometriosis

For more on the etiology of endometriosis, read here.


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