Fast Five Quiz: Test Your Knowledge on Key Aspects of Heart Failure

Yasmine S. Ali, MD, MSCI; Jeffrey J. Hsu, MD


December 19, 2022

HF—especially right-sided HF—can present as an abdominal syndrome with symptoms that include nausea/vomiting, right-sided abdominal pain, and anorexia. Constipation is also common among individuals with HF; slower intestinal transit develops secondary to poor perfusion. In addition, symptoms that mimic bowel obstruction are possible in patients with severe cardiogenic shock. Individuals with advanced HF can also experience jaundice due to cardiac cirrhosis.

Renal failure is common in patients with HF and has been shown to increase morbidity and mortality. Effective management of chronic kidney disease is important to improve the prognosis of HF.

Patients with noncardiogenic pulmonary edema may have clinical features similar to those with cardiogenic pulmonary edema but they will often lack an S3 gallop and jugular venous distention.

Most older patients with HF have preserved ejection fraction and an atypical and/or delayed presentation.

Learn more about the differential diagnosis of HF.


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