Fast Five Quiz: How Much Do You Know About Cardiovascular Risk Factors?

Yasmine S. Ali, MD


April 13, 2018

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the number one cause of death globally. In the United States, CVD kills 600,000 people every year and is the leading cause of death for both men and women. CVD risk factors were not formally established until the initial findings of the Framingham Heart Study in the early 1960s. The understanding of such factors is critical to the prevention of cardiovascular morbidities and mortality.

Conventional nonmodifiable risk factors include such things as older age (>45 years in men, >55 years in women), family history, and sex. Modifiable risk factors include hypertension (high blood pressure), dyslipidemia (disorders of cholesterol), cigarette smoking, diabetes, obesity, lack of physical activity, metabolic syndrome, sleep disorders, and mental stress and depression.

Are you familiar with key aspects involved in modifying risk factors for CVD? Test your knowledge with this short quiz.


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