Fast Five Quiz: HIV Recognition and Diagnosis

Michael Stuart Bronze, MD


February 16, 2023

It is estimated that 38.4 million individuals around the world are currently living with HIV/AIDS.

In the United States, the rate of HIV infection is highest among Black individuals (42%). The prevalence is also high among Hispanic persons (27%). These increased rates are due to socioeconomic factors rather than genetic predisposition.

Globally, women have higher prevalence rates, whereas men have greater mortality rates.

According to the most recent data, 68% of new HIV infections were reported in men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States, and young people aged 13-34 accounted for a majority (57%) of new HIV diagnoses in 2020.

The institution of preexposure prophylaxis in Western Europe, North America, and Australia has dramatically decreased transmission rates among MSM and other underserved populations who are at risk in those countries.

Learn more about the epidemiology of HIV.


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