Fast Five Quiz: How Much Do You Know About Acute Myeloid Leukemia?

Eytan M. Stein, MD

Disclosures

April 26, 2019

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) typically occurs in older adults, with an average age at diagnosis of 68 years; however, AML can develop in patients of any age, including children. AML accounts for 32% of adult leukemia cases.

Although AML is considered a rare disease, it is more prevalent in industrialized countries and is slightly more common in men than women. The incidence of AML increases with age. Most AML subtypes are distinguished from other blood disorders by the presence of at least 20% blast cells in the bone marrow or peripheral blood.

Patients with AML present with symptoms resulting from bone marrow failure, organ infiltration with leukemic cells, or both. The workup for AML includes blood tests, bone marrow aspiration and biopsy studies (the definitive diagnostic tests), and cytology and molecular testing to assess for chromosomal abnormalities and genetic mutations.

How much do you know about the etiology and findings in AML? Test your knowledge with this short quiz.

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