Fast Five Quiz: Prediabetes

Anne L. Peters, MD

Disclosures

October 03, 2019

Follow-up of three large studies of diabetes prevention with lifestyle intervention, which included weight control, showed sustained reductions in the rate of conversion to type 2 diabetes:

  • The Da Qing Diabetes Prevention Outcome Study showed a 43% reduction at 20 years

  • The Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study showed a 43% reduction at 7 years

  • The US Diabetes Prevention Program Outcomes Study showed a 34% reduction at 10 years, and a 27% reduction at 15 years

In the short term, for adults who are overweight or obese with IGT, the incidence of conversion to type 2 diabetes was decreased by a significant 58% over 3 years.

In a Swedish study of individuals aged 60 and older with 12 years of follow-up, it was found that weight loss strongly increased the likelihood of reverting from prediabetes to normoglycemia. Physical activity also reduced the mortality rate related to prediabetes.

Learn more about nutrition therapy interventions for type 2 diabetes prevention.

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