Aerobic isotonic exercise is of the greatest value for people who have obesity. Current evidence suggests that physical activity typically needs to be moderate to vigorous intensity for substantial health benefits; additional health benefits are gained by engaging in physical activity beyond the equivalent of 300 minutes (5 hours) of moderate-intensity physical activity a week.
Anaerobic isometric exercise, including resistance training, can be cautiously added as an adjunct after the aerobic goal is achieved. Resistance training is valuable in minimizing muscle mass loss and is particularly beneficial in patients with diabetes because it increases glucose uptake by muscles.
Increasing steps of ambulatory movement rather than focusing solely on structured periods of more traditional forms of exercise may be an effective strategy to encourage the accumulation of moderate to vigorous physical activity.
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Cite this: Romesh Khardori, Elif A. Oral. Fast Five Quiz: Confronting Obesity - Medscape - Jan 31, 2022.