The bladder urothelium is not well visualized with routine imaging studies, including CT scanning and MRI, and small tumors can be easily missed on images produced by these modalities. Irregular areas on images may appear to represent mucosal abnormalities but are often artifacts of incomplete bladder filling; delayed images following contrast administration can provide better visualization of actual bladder filling defects.
Imaging studies of the upper urinary tract are an essential component of the hematuria workup. CT scanning of the abdomen and pelvis with contrast is recommended; MRI and renal ultrasonography may also be used.
Presently, CIS is not visible on images from any radiographic study.
Learn more about imaging studies in the workup of bladder cancer.
Medscape © 2020 WebMD, LLC
Any views expressed above are the author's own and do not necessarily reflect the views of WebMD or Medscape.
Cite this: Kyle A. Richards. Fast Five Quiz: Bladder Cancer Presentation and Diagnosis - Medscape - Dec 29, 2020.