According to the AAFP guidelines, the absence of tachypnea is among the most useful clinical findings for ruling out CAP in children. The guidelines also state that chest radiography has not been found to demonstrably improve clinical outcomes or change the treatment of children with CAP.
In terms of treatment, the AAFP guidelines state that oral amoxicillin and intravenous penicillin G are equally effective in treating nonsevere CAP in hospitalized children, and that amoxicillin is typically more cost-effective. They also recommend macrolides as the empiric antibiotics of choice for children aged 5-16 years.
This Fast Five Quiz was excerpted and adapted from the Medscape Drugs & Diseases articles Bacterial Pneumonia, Community-Acquired Pneumonia (CAP), Pediatric Pneumonia, and Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia (Nosocomial Pneumonia) and Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia.
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Cite this: Michael Stuart Bronze. Fast Five Quiz: Pneumonia Key Aspects - Medscape - Mar 23, 2020.