Fast Five Quiz: Acute Heart Failure Presentation and Diagnosis

Arnold S. Baas, MD; Jeff Hsu, MD

Disclosures

May 12, 2020

Figure 1. Heart failure (center).

Patients with acute heart failure may present with a variety of noncardiac symptoms. Anorexia, nausea, and weight loss are among the most common. Other noncardiac signs and symptoms may include bloating, fatigue, weakness, oliguria, nocturia, and even cerebral symptoms, ranging from anxiety to memory impairment and confusion. Severity is variable.

Data from the Framingham Heart Study point to an increased incidence of heart failure in patients with subclinical cardiac dysfunction and noncardiac comorbidities, which suggests that heart failure is a progressive syndrome and that noncardiac factors are extremely important.

Learn more about the presentation of heart failure.

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