Anemia in patients with heart failure has a multifactorial etiology. The highest risk for anemia is seen in patients with concomitant chronic kidney disease or diabetes mellitus, older age, and more advanced disease.
Anemia is a high-output state that can precipitate the clinical presentation of heart failure due to increased myocardial oxygen consumption and demand beyond what the heart can provide. Other high-output states that may trigger the clinical presentation of heart failure include:
Paget disease of bone
Nutritional deficiencies (eg, thiamine deficiency, beriberi)
Learn more about the management of heart failure in patients with comorbidities.
Medscape © 2021 WebMD, LLC
Any views expressed above are the author's own and do not necessarily reflect the views of WebMD or Medscape.
Cite this: Arnold S. Baas, Jeff Hsu. Fast Five Quiz: Iron Deficiency and Anemia in Heart Failure - Medscape - Mar 15, 2021.