Fast Five Quiz: Hypertension Practice Essentials

Yasmine S. Ali, MD, MSCI

Disclosures

March 19, 2020

Although the vast majority of patients have primary or essential hypertension, secondary hypertension is identified in approximately 10% of adult patients. Common causes of secondary hypertension include the following:

  • Renovascular disease

  • Obstructive sleep apnea

  • Renal parenchymal disease

  • Primary aldosteronism

  • Drug- or alcohol-induced

Uncommon causes include the following:

  • Pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma

  • Cushing syndrome

  • Hypothyroidism

  • Hyperthyroidism

  • Aortic coarctation

  • Primary hyperparathyroidism

  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia

  • Mineralocorticoid excess syndromes (other than primary aldosteronism)

  • Acromegaly

Read more about secondary hypertension.

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