Fast Five Quiz: Hypertension Practice Essentials

Yasmine S. Ali, MD, MSCI

Disclosures

March 19, 2020

Dietary potassium, calcium, and magnesium consumption have an inverse association with BP. Lower intake of these elements potentiates the effect of sodium on BP. Oral potassium supplementation may lower both systolic and diastolic BP. The ACC/AHA guidelines recommend potassium supplementation, preferably through dietary means, in adults with hypertension, unless contraindicated by the chronic kidney disease or the use of drugs that reduce potassium excretion.

Consumption of three or more drinks per day is associated with elevation of BP. ACC/AHA guidelines suggest that adult men and women with hypertension should be advised to drink no more than two and one standard drinks per day, respectively.

Even modest weight loss can lead to reduction in BP. Weight reduction may lower BP by 5-20 mm Hg per 10 kg of weight loss in a patient whose weight is more than 10% of ideal body weight.

Although coffee consumption in patients with hypertension is associated with short-term increases in BP, long-term coffee consumption is not associated with increased BP or cardiovascular disease. Some coffee consumption has been found to have cardiovascular benefits.

Read more about nonpharmacologic management of hypertension.

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