Fast Five Quiz: Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)

Zab Mosenifar, MD


April 10, 2020

Multiple risk factors exist for ARDS. These include direct lung injury (most commonly aspiration of gastric contents), systemic illnesses, and injuries. The most common risk factor for ARDS is sepsis.

Major risk factors associated with the development of ARDS include the following:

  • Bacteremia

  • Sepsis

  • Trauma, with or without pulmonary contusion

  • Fractures, particularly multiple fractures and long bone fractures

  • Burns

  • Massive transfusion

  • Pneumonia

  • Aspiration

  • Drug overdose

  • Near drowning

  • Postperfusion injury after cardiopulmonary bypass

  • Pancreatitis

  • Fat embolism

Read more about risk factors for ARDS.


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