Fast Five Quiz: Type 2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease Risk

Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD


February 15, 2022

Figure 1. Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, illustration.

Both early-onset (< 60 years of age) T2D and late-onset (≥ 60 years of age) T2D are associated with an increased risk for major CHD and mortality; however, despite debate, only early-onset T2D with multiple coronary risk factors is largely considered a CHD risk equivalent. This risk appears to be greatest among women, who have a three- to four-fold increased risk for CHD, whereas men with diabetes have a two-fold increased risk.

The risk for CVD increases continuously with rising fasting plasma glucose levels, even prior to reaching levels sufficient for a diabetes diagnosis, such as in those with prediabetes.

Learn more about T2D and CVD risk.


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