Figure 1. Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, illustration.
Both early-onset (< 60 years of age) T2D and late-onset (≥ 60 years of age) T2D are associated with an increased risk for major CHD and mortality; however, despite debate, only early-onset T2D with multiple coronary risk factors is largely considered a CHD risk equivalent. This risk appears to be greatest among women, who have a three- to four-fold increased risk for CHD, whereas men with diabetes have a two-fold increased risk.
The risk for CVD increases continuously with rising fasting plasma glucose levels, even prior to reaching levels sufficient for a diabetes diagnosis, such as in those with prediabetes.
Learn more about T2D and CVD risk.
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Cite this: Romesh Khardori. Fast Five Quiz: Type 2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease Risk - Medscape - Feb 15, 2022.