Fast Five Quiz: Type 2 Diabetes Key Aspects

Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD


January 21, 2022

Editor's Note: This article was last updated on December 7, 2021. (Disclaimer: The information in this quiz may not be regularly updated. Please review information on the CDC website and in Medscape's novel coronavirus resource center.)

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) consists of an array of dysfunctions characterized by hyperglycemia and resulting from the combination of resistance to insulin action, inadequate insulin secretion, and excessive or inappropriate glucagon secretion. Poorly controlled T2D is associated with various microvascular, macrovascular, and neuropathic complications. According to the International Diabetes Federation, approximately 537 million adults have diabetes; by 2045, this number is expected to rise to 700 million, a 46% increase. Despite an increasing array of treatments, approximately 6.7 million lives were lost to diabetes in 2021; one third of these diabetes-related deaths were in people younger than 60 years.

The association between diabetes and COVID-19 outcome has been a recent area of focus. Given that relationship, as well as increasing incidence and related complications, T2D remains a major concern.

Are you familiar with key aspects of the condition, as well as the latest guidance on best practices for diagnosis and treatment? Refresh your knowledge with this short quiz.


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