Fast Five Quiz: Exudative (Wet) Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

F. Ryan Prall, MD


March 31, 2022

The association between dietary fat intake and risk of developing AMD has been studied extensively. People consuming a diet high in omega-3 fatty acids and fish, or a Mediterranean diet, appear to have a reduced risk for AMD development. Conversely, diets high in total fat and trans fats are associated with a higher than average risk of developing AMD.

Studies have revealed that race, sex, and age all play a role in the risk of developing AMD:

  • Risk for AMD and vision loss was elevated among White persons compared with Black or Hispanic persons. On the other hand, no consistent differences have been shown between White persons and persons of Asian descent.

  • Data from multiple large population-based studies have shown that women are at increased risk for AMD compared with men.

  • Large population-based studies have repeatedly shown that the prevalence, incidence, and progression of AMD are positively correlated with increasing age. Additionally, according to the International Classification for AMD, AMD cannot be diagnosed in patients younger than 50 years of age.

Learn more about the factors associated with risk of developing AMD.


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