Fast Five Quiz: Exudative (Wet) Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

F. Ryan Prall, MD

Disclosures

September 24, 2021

The association between dietary fat intake and risk of developing AMD has been studied extensively. People consuming a diet high in omega-3 fatty acids and fish, or a Mediterranean diet, appear to have a lower than average risk for AMD. Conversely, diets high in total fat and trans fats are associated with a higher than average risk of developing AMD.

Studies have revealed that race, sex, and age all play a role in the risk of developing AMD:

  • Risk for AMD and vision loss is elevated among White people compared with Black or Hispanic persons. On the other hand, no consistent differences have been shown between White persons and persons of Asian descent.

  • Data from multiple large population-based studies have shown that women are at increased risk for AMD compared with men.

  • Large population-based studies have repeatedly shown that the prevalence, incidence, and progression of AMD are positively correlated with increasing age. Also, AMD cannot be diagnosed in patients younger than 50 years, according to the International Classification for AMD.

Learn more about the factors associated with risk of developing AMD.

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