Fast Five Quiz: Social Disparities in Healthcare

Arthur L. Caplan, PhD


November 24, 2020

Although risk factors for the transmission of HIV are the same among racial and ethnic groups, certain populations are disproportionately affected. According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a range of social, economic, and demographic factors — such as stigma, discrimination, income, education, and geographic region — affect the risk for HIV. African American/Black persons account for a higher percentage of new HIV diagnoses and people living with HIV compared with other races/ethnicities. In 2018, African American/Black persons accounted for 13% of the US population but 42% of the 37,832 new HIV diagnoses in the United States and dependent areas. In the same year, Hispanic/Latinx persons accounted for 18% of the population and 27% of the 37,968 new diagnoses in the United States and dependent areas.

Learn more about racial disparities in HIV incidence.