Fast Five Quiz: Early-Stage Breast Cancer

Maurie Markman, MD


January 14, 2021

Figure 2. Retraction of part of the breast of an 80-year-old woman with breast cancer.

When a palpable lump is detected, the following characteristics may be indicative of breast cancer:

  • Focal nodularity

  • Hardness

  • Irregularity

  • Fixation to skin or muscle

Duct ectasia is not considered a risk factor for breast cancer.

A history of earlier age at menarche has been identified as a risk factor for breast cancer.

Learn more details about early-stage breast cancer.


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