Fast Five Quiz: Causes of Heart Failure

Yasmine S. Ali, MD


January 05, 2022

Figure 1. Chest radiograph showing congestive heart failure in an elderly man with anemia.

In a recent case-control study in the United States, the conditions with the largest attributable risks for heart failure were arrhythmia (48.7%), coronary artery disease (33.9%), and hypertension (28.4%). When combined, arrhythmia, coronary artery disease, and hypertension had an attributable risk of 73%, meaning that if these conditions can be assumed to be causal, 73% of heart failure cases would be avoided if all three conditions were eliminated from the population.

Learn more about the causes of HF.


Comments on Medscape are moderated and should be professional in tone and on topic. You must declare any conflicts of interest related to your comments and responses. Please see our Commenting Guide for further information. We reserve the right to remove posts at our sole discretion.