Fast Five Quiz: Causes of Heart Failure

Yasmine S. Ali, MD; Jeffrey J. Hsu, MD


December 13, 2022

Figure 1. Chest radiograph showing congestive heart failure in an elderly man with anemia.

In general, hypertension represents the most significant modifiable risk factor for the development of HF. In a US case-control study, the conditions with the largest attributable risks for heart failure were arrhythmia (48.7%), coronary artery disease (33.9%), and hypertension (28.4%). When combined, arrhythmia, coronary artery disease, and hypertension had an attributable risk of 73%. If these conditions can be assumed to be causal, 73% of heart failure cases would be avoided if all three conditions were eliminated from the population.

Learn more about the causes of HF.


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