Fast Five Quiz: Causes of Heart Failure

Yasmine S. Ali, MD; Jeffrey J. Hsu, MD


December 13, 2022

Because of their negative inotropic properties, calcium channel blockers like diltiazem may increase the risk for HF decompensation. Non-dihydropyridines are contraindicated in patients with HF with reduced ejection fraction.

In addition, intense, protracted physical exertion or severe fatigue, such as that experienced during prolonged travel or emotional crisis, is a fairly common precipitant of cardiac decompensation.

Exposure to severe climate change (ie, a hot, humid environment or a bitterly cold one) can be a precipitating cause of HF.

Anemia has been shown to be a precipitating factor for HF hospitalization as well as increased HF-associated mortality.

Learn more about precipitating causes of HF.


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