Because of their negative inotropic properties, calcium channel blockers like diltiazem may increase the risk for HF decompensation. Non-dihydropyridines are contraindicated in patients with HF with reduced ejection fraction.
Exposure to severe climate change (ie, a hot, humid environment or a bitterly cold one) can be a precipitating cause of HF.
Anemia has been shown to be a precipitating factor for HF hospitalization as well as increased HF-associated mortality.
Learn more about precipitating causes of HF.
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Cite this: Yasmine S. Ali, Jeffrey J. Hsu. Fast Five Quiz: Causes of Heart Failure - Medscape - Dec 13, 2022.