Medullary or diffuse nephrocalcinosis as well as stones may be seen on ultrasonography of the kidneys in patients with PH1. Studies have also shown nephrocalcinosis to be a risk factor for kidney failure.
Multiple cysts in the entire renal region may be found in patients with tuberous sclerosis.
Diffuse cortical nephrocalcinosis may be seen in patients with PH1 and end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), although this can be difficult to distinguish from typical findings in ESKD.
Learn more about the workup for PH1.
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Cite this: Bradley Schwartz. Fast Five Quiz: Primary Hyperoxaluria Type 1 Screening and Diagnosis - Medscape - Mar 04, 2022.