The Copenhagen City Heart Study concluded that presence of xanthelasmata (raised yellow patches around the eyelids) indicated increased risk for myocardial infarction, ischemic heart disease, and severe atherosclerosis. The study also concluded that xanthelasmata are an independent indicator of risk for CVD, but that arcus corneae (white or grey rings around the cornea) are not.
Low brachial artery flow-mediated dilation is an independent predictor of cardiovascular risk.
Elevated high-density lipoprotein cholesterol is generally considered protective against atherosclerosis and coronary disease.
Learn more about risk factors for atherosclerosis.
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Cite this: Yasmine S. Ali. Fast Five Quiz: Noncoronary Atherosclerosis - Medscape - Mar 01, 2021.