Fast Five Quiz: Probiotics Facts vs Fiction

Mary L. Windle, PharmD

Disclosures

March 03, 2021

A study showed that Bifidobacterium longum BB536 demonstrated efficacy in patients with moderate hypercholesterolemia. Declines in both total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were noted. A meta-analysis found that probiotics may help significantly reduce various cardiovascular risk factors.

Evidence suggests that the use of probiotics may help alleviate symptoms in children with cow's milk allergy.

Recently, a study found that a combination of the supplement S-adenosylmethionine and the probiotic bacteria Lactobacillus plantarum HEAL9 may rapidly alleviate symptoms of depression and anxiety. This echoes previous findings that suggest Lactobacillus- and Bifidobacterium-based probiotics are promising approaches in the treatment of mild to moderate depression.

A study of a novel probiotic product that contains gut bacteria strains deficient in individuals with type 2 diabetes found that administration modestly improved blood glucose levels. The 12-week trial of patients already taking metformin, with or without a sulfonylurea, showed that use of the probiotic significantly reduced glucose levels after a 3-hour standard meal tolerance test compared with placebo. Other studies have shown similar findings.

Read more about hypercholesterolemia.

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