Fast Five Quiz: HIV Infection and Inflammation

Michael Stuart Bronze, MD; Enrico Brunetti, MD


August 10, 2023

Figure 1. Light micrograph of chronic inflammatory cells from an inflamed uterine cervix. The term "chronic inflammatory cells" is used to describe such cells as lymphocytes, plasma cells, eosinophils, and macrophages, which infiltrate tissues as part of the response to chronic inflammation. These cells aid in the removal and repair of damaged tissue. The cell nuclei are stained purple. These cells are mainly plasma cells, with some lymphocytes (upper center) and a macrophage (far left).

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) may cause ulcerations, tears, or a higher concentration of inflammatory cells in the mucosa, which are targets for HIV infection. Therefore, when the source of infection is unknown or when sexual transmission is suspected, comprehensive testing for STDs should be obtained, both in the patient and sexual partners.

Learn more about HIV, STDs, and infection.


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