Fast Five Quiz: Myelodysplastic Syndrome Presentation and Diagnosis

Emmanuel C. Besa, MD

Disclosures

May 12, 2021

Figure 1. Light micrograph of blood cells from bone marrow in a patient with chronic myeloid leukemia.

The presence of fever and infections, such as pneumonias and urinary tract infections, may be due to the neutropenia associated with MDS.

More generally, clinical symptoms of MDS arise due to low peripheral blood counts, usually from anemia but also from thrombocytopenia or neutropenia. Unexplained macrocytic anemia and a mild thrombocytopenia or neutropenia may precede MDS by a few years. Petechiae, ecchymoses, and nose and gum bleeding are common manifestations of a low platelet count.

Learn more about the clinical presentation of MDS.

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