Fast Five Quiz: Type 2 Diabetes Incretin-Based Therapy

Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD

Disclosures

June 24, 2021

Figure 1. Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP1, 7-36) molecule. GLP-1 analogues are used in the treatment of diabetes.

Guidelines from the American Diabetes Association/European Association for the Study of Diabetes, the American Association of Clinical Endocrinology, and the International Diabetes Federation recommend that GLP-1 receptor agonists or dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors be considered as an alternative to or in combination with metformin for patients who have not reached their glycemic target.

Other indications for incretin-based therapy include when metformin, a sulfonylurea, or pioglitazone is contraindicated or not tolerated, and/or when hypoglycemia and weight gain are special considerations.

Data has shown that incretin-based therapies can improve glycemic efficacy alone or in combination with other oral antidiabetic drugs, supporting incremental glycemia lowering with both DPP-4 inhibitors and GLP-1 receptor agonists regardless of background therapy.

Learn more about pharmacologic therapy in type 2 diabetes.

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