Fast Five Quiz: Heart Failure Comorbidities

Ioana Dumitru, MD; Jeffrey J. Hsu, MD


December 09, 2022

Virtually all patients with heart failure (HF) have at least one other comorbid condition. The coexistence of comorbidities complicates HF management and adversely affects prognosis. Although HF is primarily a cardiac issue, the mechanisms underlying the condition share similarities in systemic and metabolic dysfunction. It is theorized that factors which contribute to HF, including inflammation, neurohumoral activation, and hemodynamic changes, may also cause common associated comorbidities. Taking shared pathophysiology into consideration is of particular importance in managing cardiac patients. Treatment strategies targeting these common causes may reduce the occurrence of multimorbidity and ultimately make treatment more effective with a combinatorial effect.

How much do you know about comorbidities occurring with HF? Test your knowledge with this quick quiz.


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