Fast Five Quiz: Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction (HFrEF) Treatment Optimization

Alanna Morris, MD


September 09, 2021

Heart failure is a significant global public health concern with considerable morbidity and mortality. Estimates suggest that approximately 23 million people are affected by heart failure. Approximately 50% of heart failure cases are heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). HFrEF arises when the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is ≤ 40% and is accompanied by progressive left ventricular dilatation and adverse cardiac remodeling. Following a hospitalization for HFrEF, the 5-year mortality rate can be as high as 75%, particularly among older adults, which highlights the need for effective treatment.

How familiar are you with treatment optimization for HFrEF? Test your knowledge with this quick quiz.


Comments on Medscape are moderated and should be professional in tone and on topic. You must declare any conflicts of interest related to your comments and responses. Please see our Commenting Guide for further information. We reserve the right to remove posts at our sole discretion.