Fast Five Quiz: Anxiety

Stephen Soreff, MD


August 09, 2021

The DSM-5 criteria for social phobia are:

  • Marked fear or anxiety about one or more social situations in which the individual is exposed to possible scrutiny by others. In children, the anxiety must occur in peer settings and not just during interactions with adults.

  • The individual fears that he or she will act in a way or show anxiety symptoms that will be negatively evaluated.

  • The person recognizes that the fear is excessive or unreasonable. In children, this feature may be absent.

  • The social situations almost always provoke fear or anxiety. In children, the fear or anxiety may be expressed by crying, tantrums, freezing, clinging, shrinking, or failing to speak in social situations.

  • The social situations are avoided or endured with intense fear or anxiety.

  • The fear or anxiety is out of proportion to the actual threat posed by the social situation and to the sociocultural context.

  • The fear, anxiety, or avoidance is persistent, typically lasting for 6 months or more.

  • The fear, anxiety, or avoidance causes clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.

  • The fear, anxiety, or avoidance is not attributable to the physiologic effects of a substance or another medical condition.

  • The fear, anxiety, or avoidance is not better explained by the symptoms of another mental disorder.

  • If another medical condition is present, the fear, anxiety, or avoidance is clearly unrelated or is excessive.

Read more on social phobia.


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