Proper handling of specimens is essential when investigating for cold agglutinins. Blood should be kept warm until it is tested and not placed in a laboratory refrigerator.
Depending on the extent of hemolysis, elevated LDH values and total and direct bilirubin levels are seen in patients with CAD.
Cryoglobulin levels only need to be tested if vascular purpura or other atypical findings, such as elevated levels of IgM and/or hepatitis virus antibodies, are found.
Both cold agglutinin titer and direct Coombs test should be performed in the workup for CAD. Other blood studies that are used in the diagnosis of CAD include:
Complete blood cell count with differential
Peripheral blood smear
Serum protein electrophoresis and serum immunoelectrophoresis (immunofixation)
Learn more about the workup of CAD.
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Cite this: Salman Aljubran. Fast Five Quiz: Cold Agglutinin Disease - Medscape - Nov 18, 2021.