Fast Five Quiz: Presentation and Diagnosis of Insomnia

Jasvinder P. Chawla, MD, MBA


November 08, 2021

Figure 1. Woman with insomnia.

Females are at higher risk of developing insomnia than are males. The higher prevalence of insomnia among females begins in adolescence but becomes particularly notable during menopause. Insomnia is also more prevalent among elderly patients.

Patients with comorbid psychiatric conditions are at particularly increased risk for insomnia. Another risk factor for sleep disorders is shift work.

Insomnia can also occur as a symptom of another sleep disorder, such as obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Patients with obesity are also at increased risk of developing OSA.

Learn more about the epidemiology of insomnia.


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