Fast Five Quiz: Hypoglycemia Associated With Type 2 Diabetes

Anne L. Peters, MD

Disclosures

January 26, 2022

Hypoglycemia is a complication in diabetes care that is frequently observed among patients who are on insulin or insulin secretagogue therapies. It is characterized by a decrease in plasma glucose concentration to a level that may provoke signs or symptoms that are adrenergic (shakiness, hunger, sweating) or neuroglycopenic (altered consciousness, coma, seizures). There are three levels of hypoglycemia. Level 1 is a glucose level < 70 mg/dL and ≥ 54 mg/dL; level 2 is < 54 mg/dL; and level 3 is hypoglycemia that is associated with an inability to function and self-treat the hypoglycemia.

In people with either type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes, patient-reported episodes of severe hypoglycemia (level 3) are related to an increased risk for death. Moreover, fear of hypoglycemia has been recognized as a leading barrier to achieving tight glycemic control in patients with diabetes. Patients with severe or recurrent hypoglycemic episodes frequently experience significant psychosocial dysfunction and lower quality of life. Enhancing patients' self-management skills and selecting or modifying therapy are key steps for minimizing the risk for hypoglycemia in patients with diabetes.

How much do you know about hypoglycemia associated with type 2 diabetes? Check your knowledge with this quick quiz.

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