Fast Five Quiz: Herpes Zoster Risk Factors and Prevention

Ranjani Somayaji, MD; Heidi Moawad, MD


August 30, 2023

Figure 1: Patient with herpes zoster ophthalmicus.

A recent meta-analysis found that family history of herpes zoster is associated with an individual's increased risk for infection. The same study found that female sex slightly increases the risk of developing herpes zoster; however, the risk is lower than that associated with family history.

Primary varicella-zoster virus infection in utero or in early infancy, when the normal immune response is decreased, is a known risk factor of developing herpes zoster.

Learn more about risk factors for herpes zoster.


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