Skill Checkup: A 69‐Year‐Old Woman With Acutely Worsening Heart Failure

Marco Guazzi, MD, PhD


March 21, 2022

Iron deficiency, which can be present independently of anemia, occurs in up to 50% of patients with chronic HF and in up to 80% of those with acute HF.

According to the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and the American Heart Association/ American College of Cardiology/Heart Rhythm Society (AHA/ACC/HRS) guidelines, routine baseline assessment of all patients with HF includes an evaluation for anemia and iron deficiency, in addition to other baseline laboratory measurements, before further evaluation for therapy.


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