Signs and symptoms of PAH are nonspecific and related to right ventricular dysfunction. Typically, patients present with progressive exertional dyspnea and fatigue owing to inadequate cardiac output during exercise. Patients with underlying heart or lung disease and those with conditions associated with PAH, such as connective tissue disorders, cirrhosis, and HIV infection, who develop signs of right ventricular dysfunction should be screened for pulmonary hypertension.
As PAH progresses, symptoms of right ventricle failure develop:
Exertional chest pain
Weight gain from edema
Abdominal pain and swelling
Lower extremity edema
Uncommon symptoms include:
Learn more about PAH.
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Cite this: Vikramjit Khangoora. Fast Five Quiz: Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Presentation and Diagnosis - Medscape - May 17, 2022.