The term "hemorrhoid" is usually related to the symptoms caused by hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are present in healthy individuals. In fact, hemorrhoidal columns exist in utero. Risk factors and causes of symptomatic hemorrhoids include:
Spinal cord injury
Decreased venous return
Straining and constipation
Lack of erect posture
Higher socioeconomic status
Elevated anal resting pressure
Loss of rectal muscle tone
Inflammatory bowel disease, including ulcerative colitis, and Crohn's disease
Alcohol consumption and the use of aspirin or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have not been established as risk factors for hemorrhoids. Although some studies have found that obesity — which may play a role in the development of type 2 diabetes — is a risk factor for hemorrhoid development, type 2 diabetes on its own has not been clearly established as a risk factor for hemorrhoids.
Learn more about the etiology and pathophysiology of hemorrhoids.
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Cite this: B.S. Anand. Fast Five Quiz: Hemorrhoids Practice Essentials - Medscape - Apr 18, 2022.