Fast Five Quiz: Kidney Transplant Rejection Risk and Monitoring

Phuong-Thu Pham, MD, FASN


May 19, 2022

For patients with kidney failure, kidney transplantation compared with dialysis can improve survival and quality of life. More than 500,000 kidney transplantations have been performed in the United States since 1988, including 24,502 in 2019 alone. In the same year, among 34 European countries participating in the European Renal Association Registry, 24,013 kidney transplantations were completed.

The 1-year survival rate exceeds 93% for allograft recipients, and the 5-year survival rate ranges from 83% to 92%. In addition to preoperative factors, such as age, gender, race, and immunologic compatibility, peri- and postoperative parameters influence graft rejection. Identifying and mitigating risks associated with rejection can help improve graft survival.

How familiar are you with a kidney transplant, rejection risk, and monitoring? Test your knowledge with this quick quiz.


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