Fast Five Quiz: Hypertension Key Clinical Aspects

Yasmine S. Ali, MD


June 17, 2022

Secondary hypertension accounts for 5%-10% of cases. Common causes include:

  • Renovascular disease

  • Obstructive sleep apnea

  • Renal parenchymal disease

  • Primary aldosteronism

  • Drug- or alcohol-induced

Drug-induced hypertension has been associated with:

  • Antidepressants (eg, monoamine oxidase inhibitors, tricyclic antidepressants, serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors)

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, acetaminophen, and aspirin

  • Sodium-containing antacids

  • Attention-deficit disorder drugs

  • Atypical antipsychotics

  • Decongestants that contain phenylephrine or pseudoephedrine

  • Appetite suppressants

  • Herbal supplements

  • Systemic corticosteroids

  • Mineralocorticoids

  • Estrogens, androgens, and oral contraceptives

  • Immunosuppressants

  • Chronic recombinant human erythropoietin

  • Recreational drugs

  • Nicotine

  • Alcohol

  • Chemotherapeutic agents


Comments on Medscape are moderated and should be professional in tone and on topic. You must declare any conflicts of interest related to your comments and responses. Please see our Commenting Guide for further information. We reserve the right to remove posts at our sole discretion.