According to the DSM-5, a diagnosis of NPD requires five of the following nine criteria:
A belief that they are unique or special and can only associate with and be understood by others like them, such as people or institutions with high status that are special
A grandiose sense of self-importance
A lack of empathy
A preoccupation with fantasies of unlimited beauty, brilliance, power, success, or ideal love
A sense of entitlement
A need for excessive admiration
Interpersonally exploitative behavior
Envy of others or a belief that others envy them
Arrogant and haughty attitudes or behaviors
Persistent feelings of emptiness, difficulty controlling anger, and frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment are among the criteria for borderline personality disorder, which is included in the differential diagnosis for NPD.
Learn more about the presentation of NPD.
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Cite this: Stephen Soreff. Fast Five Quiz: Narcissistic Personality Disorder Key Aspects - Medscape - Jun 24, 2022.