Traditional and nontraditional risk factors exist for cardiovascular disease including heart failure in CKD. Traditional risk factors include hypertension, smoking, dyslipidemia, and hyperglycemia. According to Jankowski and colleagues, nontraditional risk factors include inflammation, vascular calcifications, and increased proteinuria.
Learn more about risk factors for heart failure.
Medscape © 2023 WebMD, LLC
Any views expressed above are the author's own and do not necessarily reflect the views of WebMD or Medscape.
Cite this: Patrick Rossignol. Fast Five Quiz: Chronic Kidney Disease and Heart Failure - Medscape - Feb 03, 2023.