Fast Five Quiz: Obesity-Related Hypertension

Michael Weber, MD

Disclosures

August 09, 2022

Healthful dietary habits, as part of hypertension management and in general, can aid in controlling and preventing cardiovascular disease development. The most "well-established healthy dietary pattern" is the Mediterranean diet, per the AHA. Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension is another effective suggestion from the same association. These dietary patterns are very similar. They both promote higher intakes of fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts, and seeds; moderate intake of fish, seafood, poultry, and dairy; and low intake of red and processed meats and refined sugars and carbohydrates. The Mediterranean diet includes use of olive oil and regular but moderate consumption of wine (especially red wine). Further, low sodium consumption has also been shown to generally benefit blood pressure control. The AHA has not suggested that paleo, keto, and raw food diets are well established in terms of specifically benefitting and preventing cardiovascular diseases.

Learn more about non-pharmacologic treatment and management of hypertension.

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